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Microbiome research refines HIV risk for women

Drawing from data collected for years by AIDS researchers in six African nations, scientists have pinpointed seven bacterial species whose presence in high concentrations may significantly increase the risk of HIV infection in women.

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Source of world’s biggest listeria outbreak still unknown

THERE have been 748 confirmed cases of listeriosis in South Africa in the past year, making it the largest ever outbreak. So far, 67 people have died.

Listeriosis infections are caused by Listeria monocytogenes bacteria, usually in contaminated food such as raw meat and poultry, unwashed vegetables, and dairy products. It can lead to meningitis or blood poisoning in newborn infants, older people, and people with compromised immune systems. Infection during pregnancy can cause miscarriage.

Read more: Source of world’s biggest listeria outbreak still unknown

As Cape Town water crisis deepens, scientists prepare for ‘Day Zero’

Panic about the looming water crisis in Cape Town, South Africa, strikes Jodie Miller unpredictably during otherwise ordinary days. “I was making cupcakes this weekend and burned my finger on the pan, and whipped it under the tap,” says Miller, a water scientist at Stellenbosch University in Cape Town. “What will we do when no water comes out?”

Read more: As Cape Town water crisis deepens, scientists prepare for ‘Day Zero’

Supporting young African scientists

FOR most New Scientist readers, access to science education and research is something they can take for granted. But in many nations, the option to study or to pursue a career in science is not available.

 

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Scientists tackle coastal food security

"The lack of good research infrastructure hugely impacts our capabilities to do good research that matters."

Roberts believes there might be a way around this predicament, through formalized partnerships between institutions in the southern hemisphere and several top-end, well-resourced research institutions in the northern hemisphere

Read more: Scientists tackle coastal food security

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